Today, India is one of the biggest emerging markets for various goods and services, ranging from bare necessities to expensive luxuries. Until 1991 due to the archaic Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973 (FERA), almost all sectors of goods and services relating to the consumer markets in India were secure from the grasp of foreign investors. After the repeal of FERA and the coming into force of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA), foreign investors found their passage into India with rules for entry becoming far more favourable. Today, a convenient medium of entry by foreign companies into the Indian market is franchising. Franchising also exists as a successful business module for local companies in India within various sectors.
The United States of America stands at the forefront of the franchise boom. Today, the legal environment in the United States is highly conducive to the healthy growth and evolution of franchising. With more than 50% of total retail businesses in the United States, 45% in Canada and 26% in Australia choosing a franchise model for expansion the impact of franchising on retail industries across the globe is considerable. To foster the rapid and sustained growth that this channel brings it is critical that laws to regulate the franchising business exist.
In India, there are no Franchise – specific Laws, franchises, are subjects to the same Laws that govern other business Franchisee agreement are executed under Indian Contract Act, 1872.